Professor Bielicki researches the interactions between energy and environmental systems and policy, with a focus on understanding how energy systems have evolved and how this evolution can be directed in ways that improve environmental, economic, and social conditions. His present research focuses on the energy-water nexus, producing geothermal energy with carbon dioxide, health hazards and disclosure of hydraulic fracturing fluids, risks of emerging subsurface technologies, and bioenergy pathways.


Professor Bielicki is an Assistant Professor with a joint appointment in the Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geodetic Engineering and in the John Glenn School of Public Affairs at Ohio State University. He is also on the faculty of the Environmental Science Graduate Program and retains a courtesy appointment in the City and Regional Planning Section of the Knowlton School of Architecture. Prior to joining Ohio State University, he was a Research Associate at the University of Minnesota, a Weinberg Fellow at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a Fellow for Energy and Environment at the University of Tennessee's Baker Center for Public Policy, and a Research Fellow with the Energy Technology Innovation Policy group at Harvard University. Professor Bielicki received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 2009.


Professor Bielicki has participated in a number of national and international workshops and reports on energy and the environment and published in a number of journals including Environmental Science & Technology, Applied Energy, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Energy, Energy Policy, Environmental Management, Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, and International Regional Science Review.


Areas of research

  • Energy Policy
  • Environmental Policy
  • Energy Sustainability
  • Interactions between Energy and Environmental Systems and Policy
  • Technology and Coupled Human-Environment Systems
  • Sustainability Science
  • Dynamics of Energy Technology Innovation, Deployment, and Change
Deng, H., Bielicki, J., Oppenheimer, M., Fitts, J., and Peters, C. (2017). “Leakage Risks of Geologic CO2 Storage and the Impacts on the Global Energy System and Climate Mitigation.” Climatic Change. Available Online, 26 July.

Harp, D., Stauffer, P., O’Malley, D., Jiao, Z., Eganolf., E., Miller, T., Martinez, D., Hunter, K., Middleton, R., Bielicki, J., and Pawar, R. (2017) “Development of Robust Pressure Management Strategies for Geologic CO2 Sequestration.” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 64, 43-59.

Buscheck, T., Bielicki, J., White, J., Sun, Y., Hao, Y., Bourcier, W., Carroll, S., and Aines, R. (2016) “Pre-Injection Brine Production in CO2 Storage Reservoirs: An Approach to Augment the Development, Operation, and Performance of CCS while Generating Water.” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 54(2), 499-512.

Buscheck, T., Bielicki, J., Edmunds, T., Hao, T., Sun, Y., Randolph, J., and Saar, M. (2016). “Multi-Fluid Geo-Energy Systems: Using Geologic CO2 Storage for Geothermal Energy Production and Grid-Scale Energy Storage in Sedimentary Basins.” Geosphere, 12(3), 1-19.

Bielicki, J., Pollak, M., Deng, H., Wilson, E., Fitts, J., and Peters, C. (2016) “The Leakage Risk Monetization Model for Geologic CO2 Storage.” Environmental Science & Technology, 50(10), 4923-4931.

Buscheck, T., White, J., Carroll, S., Bielicki, J., and Aines, R. (2016) “Managing Geologic Storage with Pre-Injection at Brine Production: A Strategy Evaluated with a Model of CO2 Injection Snøhvit.” Energy & Environmental Science, 9(1), 1504-1512.

Buscheck, T., and Bielicki, J. (2015). “Reducing Energy’s Footprint by Producing Water and Storing CO2.” Cornerstone, 3(3), Autumn 2015. (editor-reviewed).

Wattenberg, E., Bielicki, J., Suchomel, A., Sweet, J., Vold, E., and Ramachandran, G. (2015). “Assessment of Acute and Chronic Health Hazards of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids.” Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 12(9), 611-624.

Middleton, R., Levine, J., Bielicki, J., Visanawathan, H., Carey, J.W., and Stauffer, P. (2015). “Jumpstarting Commercial-Scale CO2 Capture and Storage with Ethylene Production and Enhanced Oil Recovery in the U.S. Gulf.” Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, 5(3), 241-253.

Bielicki, J., Peters, C., Fitts, J., and Wilson, E., (2015). “An Examination of Geologic Carbon Sequestration Policies in the Context of Leakage Potential.” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 37, 61-75.

Adams, B., Kuehn, T., Bielicki, J., Randolph, J., and Saar, M. (2015). “A Comparison of the Electric Power Output of CO2 Plume Geothermal (CPG) and Brine Geothermal Systems for Varying Reservoir Conditions.” Applied Energy, 140, 365-377.

Middleton, R., Clarens, A., Liu, X., Bielicki, J., and Levine, J. (2014). “CO2 Deserts: Implications of Existing CO2 Supply Limitations for Carbon Management.” Environmental Science & Technology, 48, 11713-11720.

Paine, N., Homans, F., Pollak, M., Bielicki, J., and Wilson, E., (2014). “Why Rules Matter: Optimizing Pumped Hydroelectric Storage Under Different ISO Markets.” Energy Economics, 46, 10-19.

Bielicki, J., Calas, G., Ha-Duong, M., Middleton, R. (2014). “National Corridors for Climate Change Mitigation: Managing Industrial CO2 Emissions in France.” Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, 4(3), 262-277.

Adams, B., Kuehn, T., Bielicki, J., Randolph, J., and Saar, M, (2014). “On the Importance of the Thermosiphon Effect in CO2 Plume Geothermal (CPG) Power Systems”. Energy., 69, 409-418.

Bielicki, J., Pollak, M., Fitts, J., Peters, C., and Wilson, E. (2014). “Causes and Financial Consequences of the Impacts of Leakage from Geologic CO2 Storage Reservoirs.” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 20, 272-284.

Haase, R., Bielicki, J., and Kuzma, J. (2013). “Innovation in Emerging Energy Technologies: A Case Study Analysis to Inform the Path Forward for Algal Biofuels.” Energy Policy, 61, 1595-1607.

Parish, E., Efroymson, R., Dale, V., Dodder, R., Kline, K., McBride, A., Johnson, T., Hilliard, M., and Bielicki, J. (2013). “Comparing Scales of Environmental Effects from Gasoline and Ethanol Production.” Environmental Management. 51, 307-338.

Efroymson, R., Dale, V., Kline, K., McBride, A., Bielicki, J., Smith, R., Parish, E., Schweizer, P. Kline, K., Shaw, D. (2013). “Environmental Indicators of Biofuel Sustainability: What About Context?”Environmental Management. 51, 291-306.

Johnson, T., Bielicki, J., Dodder, R., Hilliard, M., Kaplan, O., Miller, C.A. (2013). “Advancing Sustainable Bioenergy: Evolving Stakeholder Interests and the Relevance of Research.” Environmental Management. 51, 331-353.

Lilliestam, J., Bielicki, J., and Patt, A. (2012). “Comparing Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) with Concentrated Solar Power (CSP): Potentials, Costs, Risks, and Barriers.” Energy Policy. 47, 447-455.

Middleton, R., Kuby, M. and Bielicki. J. (2012). “Generating Candidate Networks for Optimization: The CO2 Capture and Storage Optimization Problem.” Computers, Environment, and Urban Systems. 36, 18-29.

Dammel, J., Bielicki, J., Pollak, M., and Wilson, E. (2011). “A Tale of Two Technologies: Hydraulic Fracturing and Geologic Carbon Sequestration.” Environmental Science & Technology, 45,5075-5076.

Kuby, M., Bielicki, J., and Middleton, R. (2011). “The Optimal Spatial Deployment of CO2 Capture and Storage with a Price on Carbon.” International Regional Science Review, 3, 285-305.

Middleton, R., and Bielicki, J. (2009). “A Scaleable Infrastructure Model for Carbon Capture and Storage: SimCCS.” Energy Policy, 37, 1052-1060.

What would the ramifications be to Great Lakes region if the United States were to get ensnared in a lengthy trade war? These are questions Glenn College Assistant Professor Jeffrey Bielicki and other Ohio State researchers will address as they examine the possible effects of deglobablization and model the scenarios that might play out in the Midwest. The work is supported by the National Science Foundation, which on Sept. 19 announced a grant for Ohio State that is expected to exceed $2.4 million over the next three years. The money is provided through Innovations at the Nexus of Food, Energy and Water Systems (INFEWS), a research partnership between NSF and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Click here to learn more.

Discover Magazine has a story on Glenn College Professor Jeffrey Bielicki’s research into simultaneously sequestering carbon dioxide and using it to generate electricity. Click here to read the story.

Professor Bielicki is the lead author of a paper that was described by one reviewer as “a clever and significant study... [that] deserves to be considered with care in the policy arena.” The paper, “An Examination of Geologic Carbon Sequestration Policies in the Context of Leakage Potential,” investigates leakage from reservoirs used to isolate CO2 from the atmosphere in the context of oversight by the U.S. Environmental Protection agency and by the U.S. Department of Energy. The paper is in press at the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. Prof. Bielicki conducted the study with colleagues at Princeton University and the University of Minnesota. (» Click here to read the paper). Prof. Bielicki also lead a previous study by this team that investigated the causes and financial consequences of leakage across numerous stakeholders. (» Click here to read the paper).

Professor Bielicki has had an article on the health hazards of hydraulic fracturing fluids accepted for publication by the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. Co-authored with colleagues at the University of Minnesota, “Assessment of the Acute and Chronic Health Hazards of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids,” categorizes the components used in 2,850 hydraulically fractured wells in North Dakota between December 2009 and November 2013, and assesses their known toxicological hazards to human health.

Professor Bielicki has received a grant from the U.S. Geologic Survey / Ohio Water Resources Center / OSU Office of Energy and Environment. The one-year grant for $37,723 is to develop an integrated assessment of water and energy interactions in the state of Ohio.

Professor Bielicki has co-authored five abstracts that have been accepted for oral presentation at the 14th Annual Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Sequestration Conference in Pittsburgh PA. Four of these abstracts involve his graduate students, in addition to collaborators at Princeton University, the University of Minnesota, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and elsewhere.

Professor Bielicki participated in an international workshop on The Politics of Global Energy Transitions in Budapest, Hungary, in February 2015. The workshop was the product of a proposal with colleagues throughout the world, including Hungary, Austria, India, China, Sweden, and the U.K.

Professor Bielicki is a co-author of six conference papers that were presented at the 12th International Greenhouse Gas Technologies conference in Austin, TX. These papers cover a range of issues related to mitigating CO2 emissions and reducing climate change, including how using the CO2 to produce geothermal energy; barriers to the deployment of CO2 infrastructure; the physiochemical characteristics of storing CO2 in fractured shale; and quantifying leakage from geologic CO2 storage reservoirs in the context of the U.S. EPA Underground Injection Control Program. More information about these papers can be found on Prof. Bielicki's website at u.osu.edu/bielicki.2/publications.

Professor Jeffrey Bielicki co-authored two recent papers on using carbon dioxide as the primary heat extraction fluid in geothermal energy applications. One study, published in the journal Energy, shows systems that generate electricity from geothermal heat can take advantage of a circulation of fluids that automatically develops between the surface and the subsurface, and that carbon dioxide produces a stronger and more vigorous “thermosiphon” circulation than does brine — the fluid that is typically used in geothermal electricity applications (» Click here to read the paper). The other study, published in the journal Applied Energy, estimates the performance of a CO2 geothermal system—including the subsurface reservoir, the production and injection wells, and the surface power plant—to determine the amount of electricity that could be generated over a variety system designs and geologic properties (» Click here to read the paper). Both articles were written with colleagues at the University of Minnesota. » Click here to see an animated video of the CO2 geothermal system and the "thermoshiphon" effect.

Professor Bielicki co-authored "CO2 Deserts: Implications of Existing CO2 Supply Limitations for Carbon Management," in the journal Environmental Science & Technology. The paper, with colleagues at Los Alamos National Laboratory, the University of Virginia, and elsewhere, investigates the availability of carbon dioxide (CO2) throughout the United States and the limitations on the net emissions reductions that are achievable by approaches that seek to use CO2 or sequester it from the atmosphere. » Click here to read the paper

Professor Bielicki co-authored a paper with colleagues at the University of Minnesota entitled "Why Rules Matter: Optimizing Pumped Hydroelectric Storage Under Different ISO Markets." The paper, published in the journal Energy Economics, shows that the compensation schemes used by Independent System Operators in different parts of the country can result in different operational decisions by an operator of an energy storage facility. One possible downside of these differences is the installation of energy storage approaches may be more profitable in areas of the country where energy storage is least needed. » Click here to read the paper

For the second year in a row, Professor Jeffrey Bielicki has been a co-author of a paper presented at the Geothermal Resources Council Annual Meeting was voted one of the best geothermal paper presentations of the year. The 2014 paper was lead by Tom Edmunds, of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and investigated how energy storage in geothermal resources could be integrated into the electricity system. The 2013 paper was lead by Tom Buscheck, also of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and investigated new geothermal well designs to use carbon dioxide and nitrogen to enhance geothermal energy recovery. Links to the papers are available at u.osu.edu/bielicki.2, and a video explaining earlier versions of the concepts is available at energypathways.org.

Along with colleagues at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Southern Methodist University, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, and Witcher & Associates, Professor Bielicki has received a grant totaling $444,000 from the U.S. Department of Energy. This research seeks to develop methods to use disparate and spatially disaggregated data to identify the likelihood of geothermal resources.

Professor Bielicki was the lead author on "National Corridors for Climate Change Mitigation: Managing Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in France," which was published by the journal Greenhouse Gases: Science & Technology. In this paper, Bielicki and his co-authors from Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Centre International de Recherce su l'Environnement et le Developpement (France) identify priorities for pipeline routing and rights-of-way acquisition for the deployment of carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage technology in France. This is the first paper to use a geospatial optimization model to identify routes that robust to uncertainty in future locations and quantities of CO2 emissions and disposal options. » Click here to read the paper

Professor Bielicki has received $544,219 of a $1.9 million grant from the National Science Foundation’s Sustainable Energy Pathways (NSF SEP) program to investigate innovative ways to use carbon dioxide for geothermal energy production and storage. » Click here to learn more



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