Caroline S. Wagner conducts research in the field of science and technology and its relationship to policy, society, and innovation, with a particular focus on international collaboration.

Professor Wagner received a Ph.D. in Science & Technology Dynamics from Amsterdam School of Communications Research, University of Amsterdam, a Master of Arts degree in Science, Technology, and Public Policy from George Washington University, and a B.A. is from Trinity College.

She currently serves on the faculty of the John Glenn College of Public Affairs, and as an advisor to the Battelle Center for Science and Technology Policy—a research center within the Glenn College. She is on the advisory board of Ohio State University ADVANCE program to increase the participation and advancement of women in academic science and engineering careers.

Prior to joining Ohio State’s faculty in 2011, Dr. Wagner was a policy analyst working with and for government in a career that spanned more than thirty years and three continents. At The RAND Corporation, she was deputy to the director of the Science & Technology Policy Institute, a research center serving the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. This position included crafting and coordinating research projects related to science and technology subjects across a number of disciplines and locations. Wagner’s role was to act as project manager, writer, and policy analyst on more than 12 major projects for RAND. Also, with RAND, Dr. Wagner served at RAND Europe’s office in Leiden, Netherlands, working for the European Commission. She also worked twice as staff member for the U.S. Congress, once as a Professional Staff Member for the Committee for Science, Space, and Technology, and once as an analyst for the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment. With the U.S. State Department, Dr. Wagner was stationed for two years at the U.S. Embassy in Seoul, South Korea as an economic officer reporting on technological change in Asia. Dr. Wagner is a Distinguished Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and an elected member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Knowledge creation, dissemination, and application are at the core of Dr. Wagner’s research. She is particularly interested in collaborative efforts to conduct research, development, and innovation. Public policy towards investments in science, technology, and new economy are at the center of her work, and this extends to developing countries that seek to use knowledge as the basis for growth. Her 2008 book, “The New Invisible College: Science for Development,” focused on using network concepts to diffuse knowledge and application of new ideas.

Dr. Wagner engages with students at all levels, from a Freshman Seminar on the history of space, to doctoral students in public policy analysis. Her favorite class is Leadership in Public and Nonprofit Sectors, where she teaches and guides the future leaders of our Nation where she brings her own experience working with the White House and the US Congress into the classroom. She welcomes students dropping by her office at any time.

Dr. Wagner serves as a consultant to the United Nations for the Sustainable Development Goals, and has served as a consultant to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. For the Royal Society of London, Dr. Wagner advised and co-wrote the report on “Knowledge, Networks, and Nations.” She served on the Millennium Development Goals Task Force on Science, Technology, and Innovation. She is the editor of the journal, Science and Public Policy. In Ohio, she is actively working with Smart Cities and “Maker Movement” to disseminate ideas for economic growth.

Dr. Wagner has been married for 33 years to Dennis McIntosh, and together they are the proud parents of three children.  


Areas of research

  • Science and Technology
  • Program evaluation
  • Complex systems theory
  • Network analysis and visualization
Research in Asia heats up| Nature

Dr. Caroline S. Wagner has had her article, “The Shifting Landscape of Science: Issues In Science and Technology" published in the latest edition of ISSUES in Science and Technology. ISSUES is published quarterly and provides a nonpartisan forum for the exchange of ideas on policy issues involving science, technology and health. The National Academy of Science, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine and the University of Texas at Dallas publish it. »Click here to download the article.
Caroline Wagner has been elected to the Council on Foreign Relations. Founded in 1921, the Council on Foreign Relations is an independent, nonpartisan organization that provides foreign policy analysis to its members, government officials, business executives and others. » Click here to learn more about the Council on Foreign Relations.

Professor Caroline Wagner has a new article published in the Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. In the article, “International relations in the Social Sciences Citation Index: Is internationalization leading the Network?,” Wagner and her coauthors, Loet Leydesdorff, University of Amsterdam, and Han Woo Park, YeungNam University, examine the extent of international collaboration going on in science and asks whether the global system is now dominating the science agenda, taking away power from the national governments. » Click here to read more.

Professor Caroline Wagner is a co-author of a new study — “The European Union, China, and the United States in thetop-1% and top-10% layers of most-frequently cited publications: Competition and collaborations” — published in the Journal of Informetrics. The research was spurred by articles claiming the United States is losing ground in science, technology and innovation (STI). Wagner and her colleagues show this is not the case. While it is true China has greatly increased its output of STI articles, when examined by quality measures, China does not appear among the top producing countries of the world. However, the European Union and Switzerland have greatly improved the quality of their STI outputs. » Click here to read the article.

Professor Caroline Wagner has an article recently published in the Journal of Informetrics. In the article “The European Union, China, and the United States in the top-1% and top-10% layers of most-frequently cited publications: Competition and collaborations,” Wagner and her co-authors, Loet Leydesdorff (Amsterdam School of Communication Research) and Lutz Bornmann (Max Planck Society), found that, at the high end, the United States’ researchers continue to be the most highly productive and produce the most highly cited publications. » Click here to read the article.

Professor Caroline Wagner has an article titled “The Price of Big Science: Saturation or Abundance in Scientific Publishing?” in the inaugural edition of Policy and Complex Systems, a new peer-reviewed, open access journal. » Click here to download a copy the journal

Professor Caroline Wagner has a letter published in the current edition of the magazine Science. Science is one of the leading journals of scientific research and commentary. » Click here to read Wagner’s letter “Innovation Goes Global”

Carline Wagner has had a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of the American Society of Information Science and Technology. The paper is co-authored with Loet Leydesdorff and Han Woo Park: "International Co-authorship Relations in the Social Science Citation Index: Is Internationalization Leading the Network?" » Click here to learn more about the Journal of the American Society of Information Science and Technology

Dr. Carole Wagner has a article accepted in Research Evaluation, the article is entitled “Evaluating Transformative Research Programs: A Case Study of the NSF Small Grants for Exploratory Research (SGER) Program.” Research Evaluation is an interdisciplinary journal covering the emerging methods, experiences and lessons for appraising and evaluating research.

Dr. Caroline Wagner has been named to the editorial board of the Journal of Policy and Complex Systems. The Journal of Policy and Complex Systems is a new journal that will be published twice a year, starting in October. The peer-reviewed journal provides a platform where researchers, policy makers, experts in relevant disciplines and modelers can join together to offer solutions to challenging problems facing today’s world, from the perspective of systems and complexity science. »Click here to learn more about the new journal. Also, Dr. Wagner has been elected to serve a four-year term as Member-at-Large of the Section on Societal Impacts of Science and Engineering for the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



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