Dr. Caroline S. Wagner, an expert in the field of science and technology and its association to policy, society, and innovation, holds the Ambassador Milton A. and Roslyn Z. Wolf Chair in International Affairs at the John Glenn College of Public Affairs, The Ohio State University.


Wagner earned her doctorate from the University of Amsterdam in Science and Technology Dynamics; she received her Master of Arts degree in Science, Technology and Public Policy from George Washington University and holds a Bachelor of Arts from Trinity College.


Her career in science and technology policy analysis has spanned more than thirty years. At The RAND Corporation, she was deputy to the director of the Science & Technology Policy Institute, a research center serving the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy.


Her service within the United States federal government includes four years as a professional staff member for the U.S. Congress Committee on Science, Space, and Technology serving under the leadership of the Honorable George E. Brown, Jr. At the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, Dr. Wagner worked on the assessment of Technology, Innovation and Regional Economic Development. While serving on the staff of the United States State Department, Caroline was assigned to the U.S. Embassy in Seoul Korea to study technology-based growth. She has also been a senior analyst at SRI International and a research scientist at George Washington University’s Center for International Science and Technology Policy.


Dr. Wagner is the North American editor of the Science & Public Policy Journal and she serves on the editorial boards of the journals International Journal of Technology and Globalization (Harvard University) and Policy and Complex Systems Journal (UNC). She is an advisor to the Places and Spaces, and Science Maps visualization projects, headed by Professor Katy Bőrner, University of Indiana. Caroline is an Elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and she in 2013, was elected to a 4-year term as a member-at-large of the AAAS Section on Societal Impacts of Science and Engineering. She is the author of the 2008 book “The New Invisible College: Science for Development” (Brookings Press) and a forthcoming book (Stanford University Press) on international collaboration in science.


She has been an advisor to the European Commission, the World Bank, the United States National Science Foundation, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and several governments. As part of the United Nations Millennium Development Project, Wagner served on the Task Force on Science, Technology, and Innovation and served as an author of the final report.


Areas of research

  • Science and Technology
  • Program evaluation
  • Complex systems theory
  • Network analysis and visualization
Research in Asia heats up| Nature

Dr. Caroline S. Wagner has had her article, “The Shifting Landscape of Science: Issues In Science and Technology" published in the latest edition of ISSUES in Science and Technology. ISSUES is published quarterly and provides a nonpartisan forum for the exchange of ideas on policy issues involving science, technology and health. The National Academy of Science, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine and the University of Texas at Dallas publish it. »Click here to download the article.
Caroline Wagner has been elected to the Council on Foreign Relations. Founded in 1921, the Council on Foreign Relations is an independent, nonpartisan organization that provides foreign policy analysis to its members, government officials, business executives and others. » Click here to learn more about the Council on Foreign Relations.

Professor Caroline Wagner has a new article published in the Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. In the article, “International relations in the Social Sciences Citation Index: Is internationalization leading the Network?,” Wagner and her coauthors, Loet Leydesdorff, University of Amsterdam, and Han Woo Park, YeungNam University, examine the extent of international collaboration going on in science and asks whether the global system is now dominating the science agenda, taking away power from the national governments. » Click here to read more.

Professor Caroline Wagner is a co-author of a new study — “The European Union, China, and the United States in thetop-1% and top-10% layers of most-frequently cited publications: Competition and collaborations” — published in the Journal of Informetrics. The research was spurred by articles claiming the United States is losing ground in science, technology and innovation (STI). Wagner and her colleagues show this is not the case. While it is true China has greatly increased its output of STI articles, when examined by quality measures, China does not appear among the top producing countries of the world. However, the European Union and Switzerland have greatly improved the quality of their STI outputs. » Click here to read the article.

Professor Caroline Wagner has an article recently published in the Journal of Informetrics. In the article “The European Union, China, and the United States in the top-1% and top-10% layers of most-frequently cited publications: Competition and collaborations,” Wagner and her co-authors, Loet Leydesdorff (Amsterdam School of Communication Research) and Lutz Bornmann (Max Planck Society), found that, at the high end, the United States’ researchers continue to be the most highly productive and produce the most highly cited publications. » Click here to read the article.

Professor Caroline Wagner has an article titled “The Price of Big Science: Saturation or Abundance in Scientific Publishing?” in the inaugural edition of Policy and Complex Systems, a new peer-reviewed, open access journal. » Click here to download a copy the journal

Professor Caroline Wagner has a letter published in the current edition of the magazine Science. Science is one of the leading journals of scientific research and commentary. » Click here to read Wagner’s letter “Innovation Goes Global”

Carline Wagner has had a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of the American Society of Information Science and Technology. The paper is co-authored with Loet Leydesdorff and Han Woo Park: "International Co-authorship Relations in the Social Science Citation Index: Is Internationalization Leading the Network?" » Click here to learn more about the Journal of the American Society of Information Science and Technology

Dr. Carole Wagner has a article accepted in Research Evaluation, the article is entitled “Evaluating Transformative Research Programs: A Case Study of the NSF Small Grants for Exploratory Research (SGER) Program.” Research Evaluation is an interdisciplinary journal covering the emerging methods, experiences and lessons for appraising and evaluating research.

Dr. Caroline Wagner has been named to the editorial board of the Journal of Policy and Complex Systems. The Journal of Policy and Complex Systems is a new journal that will be published twice a year, starting in October. The peer-reviewed journal provides a platform where researchers, policy makers, experts in relevant disciplines and modelers can join together to offer solutions to challenging problems facing today’s world, from the perspective of systems and complexity science. »Click here to learn more about the new journal. Also, Dr. Wagner has been elected to serve a four-year term as Member-at-Large of the Section on Societal Impacts of Science and Engineering for the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



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