Featured Research

ECONOMICS

Toward a New Ohio

Glenn College Distinguished Adjunct Professor Bill Shkurti and his coauthor Fran Stewart have released three reports on the state’s long-term economic performance and economic development that conclude in 12 questions about Ohio’s economy directed at the state’s candidates for governor. The purpose of this project is to help frame the debate for Ohio’s next governor by laying out the challenges facing Ohio’s economy and seeking candidates’ proposals for addressing them.

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ENERGY

Why Ohio’s retail electric deregulation has been bad for households and why re-regulation would be even worse

Ohio has a deregulated retail electricity market in which households and businesses can “shop” from among competing marketers for their electric service. But, have households actually experienced the benefits of this “competition”? A new study by Glenn College Professor Noah Dormady and Glenn College doctoral students Zhongnan Jiang and Matthew Hoyt finds that Ohio households have lost at least $1 billion under the current system.


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The Costs of Inefficiency: Ignoring Ohio’s Energy Efficiency Potential

In Ohio, substantial energy efficiency resources, although available, are not being used. Based on the current technological capacity, there is significant potential to increase energy efficiency to a degree that would substantially and cost effectively reduce the state’s energy use. Authors: Cheryl Roberto and Noah Dormady.

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Can We Turn Unwanted Carbon Dioxide Into Electricity?

Dr. Jeffrey Bielicki works with teams of researchers at the University of Minnesota, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and The Ohio State University to develop innovative ways to use geothermal heat to produce renewable energy. Their research has developed a new kind of geothermal power plant that will lock away unwanted carbon dioxide (CO2) underground—and use it as a tool to boost electric power generation.

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EDUCATION

The impact of Ohio STEM high schools on student achievement

Glenn School professor Dr. Stéphane Lavertu and Dr. Jennifer Gnagey, Weber State University, have a new Ohio Education Research Center report that presents the results of their study estimating the impact of six inclusive Ohio STEM high schools on the academic achievement of the students who attended them.


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Ohio Colleges Must Upgrade Remedial Education To Help Students Earn Degrees

To increase the number of college graduates, higher education institutions and policy makers must ensure that students required to take remedial courses do not drop out as a result of negative experiences. This policy paper recommends specific actions that can help improve student graduation rates and enable the Remediation Free Standards to work. Author: Dr. Josh Hawley.

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FOOD

Product Innovations Linked to Trans Fat Produces Healthier U.S./Canadian Cookies

For years, the food industry favored the use of trans fat in processed food because it extends the shelf life of a product and its stability permits frequent heating at high temperatures. But unlike any other food component, trans fat has no nutritional benefit and its consumption has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.These concerns prompted health agencies to recommend removal of trans fats from the global food supply. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended replacing it with unsaturated fats.

Dr. Neal Hooker, Professor of Food Policy in the John Glenn College of Public Affairs, and his colleague Shauna Downs, University of Sydney, examined more than 2,000 new cookie products from 2006 through 2012 to see how the industry adapted to new policies governing the use of trans fat. In the U.S., saturated fat was higher in these products in 2012 when compared to 2006 and 2007, but trans fat levels decreased over that time period. In Canada, there were no difference in the cookies’ composition, with the exception of reductions in trans fat over time. In both countries, cookie products without trans fat were more expensive.

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Where does our organic food come from?

For many, the organic milk in their grocery store is linked with the idea that the cows are raised locally, but a new study by Dr. Neal Hooker, professor of food policy at the John Glenn School of Public Affairs at The Ohio State University, has found the U.S. organic food market becoming increasingly more like its conventional food counterpart, and if the trend continues, more and more organic food won’t be local.






GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING

Firm-fixed-price contracts aren’t always firm

A new study by Dr. Trevor Brown, dead of the John Glenn College of Public Affairs, and Glenn College graduate Dr. Yong Woon Kim, has found that short-term, fixed-price contracts for the Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Health and Human Services are often dramatically extended or modified, risking cost overruns, delivery delays and diminished product quality even for simple products and services.


TERRORISM

The potential impact of an anthrax attack on real estate prices and foreclosures

An anthrax attack on a major American city would have devastating consequences, not the least of these would be the decline in property values and the number of foreclosures in the attack area. Glenn School Assistant Professor Noah Dormady and his colleagues, Thomas Szelazek of Point C Partners and RideAmigos Corp, and Adam Rose, Sol Price School of Public Policy at USC, looked at the consequences of such an attack on the real estate market in Seattle.


TRANSPORTATION

A Call for Supporting a Next Generation Airspace System for the State of Ohio

Similar to the United States’ interstate highway system that facilitates the transport of people and goods across the nation, the United States’ National Airspace System (NAS) is a critical element of the nation’s transportation infrastructure, serving as a backbone to economic vitality and growth. Despite increased demand for air travel and improved technologies in computing, satellite navigation, and digital communications in other industries, modernization to a 21st century NAS infrastructure has been slow to evolve. This slow progress is reducing the effectiveness of the Ohio economy.

Through public-private-partnerships with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and leading aviation technology companies, the state of Ohio has an opportunity to be among the leading states in the nation to substantially increase the efficiency and safety of air transportation for all of its 88 counties, while reducing the cost and environmental impacts of aviation operations. Being a leader in adopting the FAA’s Next Generation Airspace System, known as NextGen, is the key to capitalizing on such an opportunity.

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