Assistant Professor Esra Gules-Guctas is a faculty member with a joint appointment at the John Glenn College of Public Affairs and the Translational Data Analytics Institute. Her research primarily centers around the intersections of law, technology and public policy, particularly in terms of algorithmic systems in public sector decision making.
A major focus of her research revolves around understanding individual-level perceptions of the use of algorithmic systems by government agencies. She studies the assignment of responsibility when complex algorithmic systems falter and the subsequent implications for government accountability. A major area of interest in her research is the judicial scrutiny of automated decisions. Through her work, Gules-Guctas examines how individuals understand their justice problems and respond to them in an increasingly automated world, and the ways in which the courts are adapting to the rapid technological advancements.
Gules-Guctas uses an interdisciplinary approach in her research, drawing from diverse literatures including public administration, critical data studies, human-computer interaction, procedural justice and legal consciousness. Her research is generously funded by the NSF-funded Law and Science Dissertation Grant Program, American Political Science Association and Russell Sage Foundation.
Before stepping into academia, Gules-Guctas served as an attorney, gaining critical insights into the legal landscape that now inform her research and teaching.
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Professor Jennifer Garner and colleagues study the cost of implementing and participating in a multi-component subsidized community supported agriculture intervention and calculate cost-effectiveness based on diet and food security impacts.
Assistant Professor Christopher Rea examines the role of the Pittman-Robertson Act in shaping the relationship between firearms and conservation and seeks to understand how this relationship is reproduced.
This study examines the potential of utilizing geologic carbon dioxide (CO2) storage and CO2 as a working fluid for geothermal energy production to achieve ambitious greenhouse gas mitigation targets and provide load following flexibility for integrating variable renewable energy sources.
Professor Lauren Jones examines the state of Ohio families, addressing challenges and highlighting innovations, programs, and policies aimed at improving family well-being in a changing social, political, and economic landscape.
Professor Jod Raadschelders provides a singular investigation into the influence of 10 scholars on contemporary public administration as well as how significant their work continues to be on contemporary research.
Professor Stéphane Lavertu estimates the impact of the EdChoice programs by comparing changes in district outcomes (from before these programs were in place to the 2018–19 school year) between districts that had higher as opposed to lower levels of exposure to them.
Assistant Professor Megan LePere-Schloop examines the empirical knowledge integration among public administration (PA), public policy studies (PP), and nonprofit studies (nonprofit), revealing low citation rates between PA/PP and nonprofit journals, and identifies three categories effectively integrating knowledge from these fields.
Neal Hookeroffers new insights concerning the current status and trends of U.S. organic imports and exports U.S. policies relevant to the international trade of U.S. organic agri-food products are described, characterizing specific products and partners.
Using recent data from Ohio, Professor Stéphane Lavertu and Assistant Professor Long Tran dig into what is meant by “forprofit” charter schools, how they spend resources differently from other charters, and how they compare in effectiveness to other charters (and to traditional public schools) in academic and nonacademic outcomes.
Adrienne DiTommaso and Stephanie Moulton's study identifies the characteristics and long-term outcomes of consumers participating in nonprofit credit counseling, including those who do and do not enroll in debt management plans.
This article summarizes laboratory-scale experimental results of a trap-extract-precipitate (TEP) process and uses the mass and energy balances to estimate the economic costs and environmental impacts of the TEP.
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development
Published by Jill Clark, this assessment of government-adopted food system plans in the U.S. examines which topics, across the three dimensions of sustainability (social, environmental, and economic), are included in local food system plans and conducts an exploratory analysis that asks whether the community capitals (built, cultural, social, financial, human, and natural) available in a community are associated with the content of food system plans.
Professor Ned Hill examines the impact of proximity to fixed assets on rural business survival during the Great Recession, finding that factors like highway proximity and industry agglomeration play crucial roles in different sectors.
Jos Raadschelders provides a singular investigation into the influence of 10 scholars on contemporary public administration as well as how significant their work continues to be on contemporary research.
Associate Professor Jeff Bielicki presents the results of a collaborative thought exercise involving 75 scientists and summarizes them into 10 key recommendations covering: the most critical nexus issues of today, emerging themes, and where future efforts should be directed.
This report by Prof. Vladimir Kogan examines student performance on the Ohio fall 2021 third grade English language arts (ELA) assessment, covering the second cohort of third graders tested since the beginning of the pandemic.
Assistant Professor Christopher Rea compares the four largest sources of revenue for state wildlife and conservation agencies and demonstrate the growing importance of Pittman-Robertson as gun sales increase.
This commentary is intended as an addendum and recent update to the original research article published in World Affairs, “The High Representative in Bosnia-Herzegovina: The Unusual Institutional Arrangement of a Non-Authoritarian, yet Controlled, Democracy”
This study creates a new framework to identify how cities can select the appropriate governance rules to facilitate the political, financial, and operational sustainability of their IDEs, and derivatively, their smart city efforts.
This report from Assistant Professor Megan LePere-Schloop explores the grantmaking activity of an extensive sample of community foundations and local United Way affiliates, with a particular focus on the support they provide to organizations involved in community and economic development.
This study identifies nutrition equity as an overarching goal for local food systems, which reflects a state of having freedom, agency, and dignity in food traditions resulting in people and communities healthy in body, mind, and spirit. It is a transformative goal designed to spur system-level interventions that further racial equity through improved local food system dynamics.
In this memo, Associate Professor Jil Landers describes how to develop an evaluation plan. Specifically, he discusses the logistical concerns of the process, including how to maximize staff resources and expertise, time evaluations to leverage complementary work, and gather the information necessary to conduct evaluations.
Jim Landers describes how to develop a tax incentive evaluation plan, the logistical concerns of the process, including how to maximize staff resources and expertise, time evaluations to leverage complementary work, and gather the information necessary to conduct evaluations.
Stephanie Moulton's study is based on a field experiment designed to increase the salience of property tax and insurance payments among a particularly vulnerable population, older adults who took out a reverse mortgage.
Professor Caroline Wagner examines publication data among ‘big three’ players following reports of withdrawal of Chinese researchers from collaboration with the United States in response to political conflict,
This article analyzes a reimagining of public affairs doctoral training by institutionalizing the socioemotional processes of reflexivity and deliberation in three key areas of doctoral training: core coursework, pedagogical training, and professional development.
Associate Professor Bielicki's study reveals that a Flexible CO2 Plume Geothermal (CPG-F) facility, capable of providing both dispatchable power and energy storage, can deliver 190% more power than a conventional CPG power plant for 8 hours while costing 70% more in capital, making it an efficient baseload power and dispatchable storage option.
This study explores factors influencing the development and sustainability of data sharing in the Mid-Ohio Farmacy (MOF), a produce referral program implemented in partnership between a community-based organization and an academic medical center, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center.
Stephanie Moulton and Caezilia Loibl explore why some older adults claim Social Security benefits early and whether the level of an individual’s financial stress prior to the claiming decision is associated with a benefit claim at age 62.
The purpose of this report is to inform state emergency management responses in order to better prepare for and mitigate medium- and long-term negative social and economic impacts resulting from future disasters and disruptions.
Assistant Professor Megan LePere-Schloop examines the development of a critical framework for mapping civil society in the digital age, highlighting concerns about computational methods and the power dynamics in knowledge production.
This study, published by Public Performance and Management Review, finds that contract managers who have had more rules training tend to believe that they have less autonomy and view the behaviors of others as unethical.
Professor Megan LePere-Schloop uses data on United Ways that e-filed their 990 forms and supervised machine learning to illustrate an approach for classifying a large set of mission descriptions by roles.
Country Fresh Stops (CFS) and Donation Station (DS) are two complementary programs that support local agriculture in Appalachia Ohio. As the first study of these programs in the peer-reviewed literature, this publication identifies factors that facilitate or hinder the implementation of these local value chain models of healthy food access.
There is limited evidence describing utilization of clinic-based food referral programs intended to support healthy eating for food-insecure patients. To address this gap, this study aims to describe the utilization of the Mid-Ohio Farmacy (MOF).
Professor Megan LePere-Schloop introduces a novel pedagogical approach that helps students understand the theories used to teach about the nonprofit sector and how educators can connect theory to current challenges impacting nonprofit organizations.
The Wave 3 survey results tell a story of the nonprofit sector’s resilience and contribution, and how organizations rallied during the pandemic to provide new services to new populations and to create partnerships with other organizations.
This programmatic essay argues that public governance scholarship would benefit from developing a self-conscious and cohesive strand of "positive" scholarship, akin to social science subfields like positive psychology, positive organizational studies, and positive evaluation.
Professor Jos Raadschelders argues that teaching ethics should be not only limited to specific ethics courses in higher education nor just embedded as an element in various core courses in public administration programs, but also anchored in a thoughtful K-12 curriculum.
Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action
Professors Erynn Beaton, Megan LePere-Schloop and Rebecca Smith use qualitative analysis to explore the anti-harassment practices recommended to nonprofit practitioners and compares these practices to academic research to develop a nonprofit scholarly research agenda.
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Despite the benefits of adequate fruit and vegetable (FV) intake, most individuals in the U.S. do not eat recommended amounts, with lower intake among individuals with lower socioeconomic status. Findings suggesting that greater FV access is related to higher intake underpin ongoing public health efforts to increase FV intake.
Professor Jill Clark uses the concept of relational fields to conduct a post-hoc analysis of nine cases, examining how social movement organizations and other actors actively create new deliberative governance spaces.
In July 2020, Columbus City leaders commissioned an independent, outside after-action review of the City’s response to protests that took place last summer. Former U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Ohio Carter Stewart and the John Glenn College of Public Affairs were named the lead investigative team.
This study, published in Administration & Society, utilizes the Strategic Action Field (SAF) framework as a lens to study implementation effectiveness of Ohio START, a multiactor and multilevel implementation process
Using newly available annual data on incentives at the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) level, this article explores the relationship between incentives and economic diversity between 2005 and 2015.
Professor Caroline Wagner's publication raises a number of questions such as how to collect data of citations related to a given journal; conduct social network analysis on journals related to citations; and produce diagram properly and quickly on a dashboard.
This study, published in Public Management Review, proposes four starting conditions that affect the establishment of intergovernmental collaboration: power imbalance, resource imbalance, prehistory of collaboration and participation of superior levels of government.
Professor Jill Clark examined a U.S. Healthy Food Financing Initiative funded food hub that was designed to be implemented by a community development corporation in an urban neighborhood in Cleveland, Ohio.
Professor Stéphane Lavertu's report draws on data from the fall administration of Ohio’s annual Third-Grade English Language Arts assessment to examine how the COVID pandemic has affected student learning in the state.
Professor Caroline Wagner explores the effect of democratic governance on scientific performance using panel data on 124 countries between 2007–2017. We find evidence supporting the democracy–science hypothesis.
This book, by Professor Jos C.N. Raadschelders, provides the information that all citizens should have about their connections to government, why there is a government, what it does, how it does it, and why we can no longer do without it.
Professor Stéphane Lavertu explores how teachers unions affect education production by comparing outcomes between districts allocating new tax revenue amidst collective bargaining negotiations and districts allocating tax revenue well before.
This report summarizes the roles that United Ways and community foundations play in their local communities, their perceptions of the changes going on in the world around them and their perceptions of their relationships with each other.
This study reviews the spillover effect of foreclosures on nearby housing prices over space and time employing geographically weighted regression, which allows modeled relationships to vary locally within a geographic area.
This report provides early reactions of the nonprofit sector to the pandemic, including their actions and concerns, to inform policymakers, funders, media, and other decision makers about how to best support the sector during this time.
Assistant Professor Jennifer Garner explores factors affecting access to and use of Double Up Food Bucks, a farmers' market program that doubles Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits for use toward the purchase of fruits and vegetables.
Professors Noah Dormady, Rob Greenbaum and Kim Young report on a series of controlled experiments with human subjects on the decision of firms to invest in resilience to mitigate supply-chain disruptions and their willingness to pay for advisory information to improve resilience planning investments.
Professor Russell Hassan discusses the behavioral public administration movement call for greater use of theories from psychology and experimental research designs to improve the rigor of public administration research.
Professor Dormady proposes a highly efficient Bayesian updating framework that is integrated with multivariate Kriging surrogate modeling to quantify heteroscedastic uncertainties in the entire space of uncertain system variables and capture spatial and temporal dependencies among the responses using non-separable covariance structure.
Assistant Professor Christopher Rea shows that market-oriented schemes like the EU ETS are better characterized as Polanyian countermovements that are, in fact, helping to “re-embed” the European economy in more ecologically sustainable relationships with nature.
Assistant Professor Jennifer Garner examines nutrition educators’ experiences with, knowledge of, and beliefs about local foods, and elicits ideas on how to integrate education about and access to local food systems into their current work.
Associate Professor Lauren Jones examines the narrative whereby opioid overdoses among white, male, less-educated, rural workers have been caused by reduced economic opportunities borne by such people.
Assistant Professor Jennifer Garner used a customized input-output model to simulate potential economic impacts of programs and policies that enable Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program recipients to shift purchases from traditional food retailers to DTC venues in four states.
Professors Jos Raadschelders and Russell Hassan examine the influence of empowering leadership practices on police officers' job performance, perceptions of managerial effectiveness, and unit performance.
Associate Professor Lauren Jones tests whether saving rates in a federally funded, matched, savings program for low-income families – the Individual Development Account program – can be improved through insights from behavioral economics.
Professor Jeff Bielicki examines the relationship between electricity demand and meteorological conditions to assist with short-term electricity load forecasts and long-term projections of climate change impacts.
Professor Jill Clarkprovides a theoretical framework that links public managers' and community leaders' perspectives on their own political efficacy and sources of their efficacy, yielding four types of “designers.”
Professor Neal Hooker reviews empirical assessments of Summer Electronic Benefits Transfer for Children (SEBTC) and Electronic Benefits Transfer research, and presents policy considerations in the program's future expansion.
Associate Professor Katie Vinopal evaluates the degree associations between neighborhood disadvantage and outcomes persist into elementary school and whether neighborhood disadvantage interacts with household disadvantage.
This study, published in Public Administration Review, investigates why various mechanisms of cooperation among local authorities are chosen using the theoretical lens of institutional collective action.
Professor Jill Clark demonstrates that locally-facing firms are associated with greater levels of civic and political engagement compared with locally owned firms that sell their products to customers elsewhere.
Professor Neal Hooker examines how socio-economic and institutional factors impact UK food retailers’ corporate social responsibility (CSR) strategies as revealed in corporate communications and product marketing.
Professors Kim Young, Rob Greenbaum and Noah Dormady use a randomized controlled experimental design to examine whether biological sex or gender diversity might lead to decision-making that improves investments in resilience to calamitous events.
This study, published by Administration and Policy in Mental Health, examines worker perceptions of how public child welfare agencies' purchase of service contracts with private behavioral health organizations can both facilitate and constrain referral making and children's access to services.
This study, published in the Policy Studies Journal, examines how methods for observing policy networks have not kept up with the development of new network analytic techniques required to understand governance in complex settings.
Professor Jill Clark describe current distribution systems within Ohio, identifies firms interested in scaling-up distribution and inform state-level policy efforts by identifying opportunities to better target any state-level policy and program efforts.
Professor Jeff Bielicki developed a Leakage Risk Monetization Model (LRiMM) which integrates simulation of CO2 leakage from geologic CO2 storage reservoirs with an estimation of monetized leakage risk (MLR).
This book, written by Jos C.N. Raadschelders and Richard J. Stillman II provides academics and students with a rich supply of knowledge on the scope, methods, and theoretical foundations of public administration.
Professor Neal Hooker demonstrates that there is little statistical difference, and even a net gain in predictive power, when using a balanced sample to test factors that influence a firm’s decision to market organic food.
This article, published in the National Tax Journal, examines California's recent decision to discontinue tax increment financing (TIF) after six decades of use has triggered a re-examination of its broader use.
Assistant Professor Christopher Rea examines the limitations of investigating business unity without focusing directly on processes and outcomes and then review studies of five types of business political action that offer lenses into corporate power in the United States: engagement in electoral politics, direct corporate lobbying, collective action through associations and coalitions, business campaigns in civil society, and political aspects of corporate responsibility.
This book, written in part by Jos Raadschelders, features chapters spotlighting theorists in the field, covering his/her life, research, writings, and impact, introducing the discipline′s most important scholarship in both a memorable and approachable manner.
This article focuses on the thirteen years of operation of riverboat casinos in Indiana and the growth in the supply of casino games statewide and explains the state excise taxes imposed on the casino owners.